Solely abluminal drug release from coronary stents could possibly improve reendothelialization
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Objectives To compare a new stent with an asymmetric coating, eluting the drug to the abluminal surface, to a stent with a conventional coating eluting the drug both to the luminal and the abluminal side. Background Stents with asymmetric coating, eluting the drug to the vessel wall (BPSES-A), could potentially give faster reendothelialization after percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) and decrease in in-stent thrombosis and late restenosis. Methods BPSES-A, conventional coated stents (BPSES-C), biodegradable polymer stents without drug (BPS, for control), and bare metal stents (BMS, for control) were implanted into the coronary arteries of 38 pigs (75 stents). Pigs were sacrificed after 4, 12, and 24 weeks. Quantitative coronary angiography was used to compare in-stent late lumen loss (LLL) and electron microscopy was used to reveal levels of reendothelialization. Results The stents were all successfully implanted. LLL of BPSES-A, BPSES-C, BMS, and BPS were 0.56 ± 0.51, 0.60 ± 0.58, 0.89 ± 0.43, and 1.68 ± 0.30 mm, respectively, after 4 weeks. LLL of BPSES-A and BPSES-C were 0.63 ± 0.53 and 0.69 ± 0.24 mm, respectively, after 12 weeks. LLL of BPSES-A, BPSES-C, and BMS were 0.42 ± 0.15 m, 0.56 ± 0.28 mm, and 0.99 ± 0.13 mm, respectively, after 24 weeks. The scaling of reendothelialization was as follows: after 4 weeks BMS > = BPS > BPSES-A > BPSES-C, after 12 weeks BPSES-A > BPSES-C, and after 24 weeks BMS > BPSES-A > BPSES-C. Reendothelialization was better in BPSES-A than BPSES-C (P < 0.05). There was no correlation between LLL and reendothelialization (P = 0.42).
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