Anticancer activity of Neosetophomone B, A Fungal Secondary Metabolite, against Hematological Malignancies
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Cancer is one of the most life threatening diseases, causing nearly 13% death in the worldwide. Leukemia, cancer of the hematopoetic cells is the main cause of cancer death in adults and children. Therapeutic agents used in treatment of cancer are known to have narrow therapeutic window and tendency to develop resistance against some cancer cell lines thus, proposing a need to discover some novel agents to treat cancer. In the present study we investigated the anticancer activity of Neosetophomone B (NSP-B), a fungal secondary metabolite isolated from Neosetophoma sp against leukemic cells (K562 and U937). MTT results demonstrated a dose dependent inhibition of cell proliferation in K562 and U937 cell lines. Annexin staining using flow cytometry indicated that NSP-B treatment cause a dose dependent apoptosis in leukemic cells.Western blot analysis showed that NSP-B mediated apoptosis involves sequential activation of caspase 9, 3 and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) cleavage. Furthermore NSP-B treatment of leukemic cells resulted in upregulation of pro-apoptotic proteins (Bax) with downregulation of anti-apoptotic proteins ( Bcl-2 ).Thus, present study focuses on exploring the mechanism of anticancer activity of NSP-B on leukemic cells, raising the possibility of its use as a novel therapeutic agent for hematological malignancies. Results: We sought to determine whether NSP-B suppresses the growth of leukemic cell lines. We tested a panel of leukemic cell lines with different doses of NSP-B. Cell viability decreased in a concentration-dependent manner in K562 and U937 cell lines. NSP-B induced apoptosis in K562 and U937 cell lines via downregulation of anti-apoptotic proteins and enhancement of pro-apoptotic proteins. NSP-B induced the activation of caspase cascade signaling pathway. Altogether our results suggest that the NSP-B plays an important role in apoptosis in leukemic cell lines .Conclusions: Our data provides insight on anticancer activities of NSP-B in leukemic cell lines (K562 and U937). NSP-B inhibit cell viability via inducing apoptosis. The NSP-B mediated apoptosis occurs via downregulation of anti-apoptotic proteins and enhancement of pro-apototic proteins, thereby activating the caspase-cascade signaling. Further studies are required to elicit role of NSP-B in regulating molecular pathway involved in the progression of cancer. Taken together, above results suggest that NSP-B may have a future therapeutic role in leukemia and possibly other hematological malignancies.