Anti-cancer properties of Microalgae (T1) Extract in Breast Cancer Cell Lines
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Breast cancer (BC), a worldwide health issue, is the most common malignant cancer in women in Gulf region, including the State of Qatar. Unfortunately, malignant tumors has the capability to metastasis, which involves both migration and invasion of cancer cells which are the most threatening aspects of cancer (McSherry et al., 2007). Consequently, researchers have concentrated on Complementary and Alternative medicine (CAM) modalities, as conventional medicine has been facing various challenges such as; poor understanding of the mechanisms with BC proliferation and invasion within various groups of patients, drug resistance, and the failure of current therapies to completely cure the disease. A significant CAM method have been raised which is the treatment with herbs and extracts derived from seeds, leaves, fruits and roots of plants; each of these invariably represents a combination of several bioactive compounds. Our biofuel has provided us with a crude extract of a microalgae coded as T1 that consist of carotenoids, chlorophyll a, and chlorophyll b. Carotenoids is a bioactive molecule that inhibits the proliferation, migration, invasion and induce apoptosis to tumor cells.