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AuthorAl-Maas M.
AuthorHussain A.
AuthorMinier Matar J.
AuthorPonnamma D.
AuthorHassan M.K.
AuthorAl Ali Al-Maadeed M.
AuthorAlamgir K.
AuthorAdham S.
Available date2022-02-27T09:30:32Z
Publication Date2021
Publication NameJournal of Water Process Engineering
ResourceScopus
Identifierhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jwpe.2021.102185
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10576/27442
AbstractMembrane filtration processes like microfiltration (MF) and ultrafiltration (UF) are proven to be effective in industrial wastewater treatment, including oil-water separation, as they generate suitable quality permeate for water reuse applications. Various research efforts have been conducted in areas of developing and/or modifying commercial MF/UF membrane materials through synthesizing new advanced polymers that promise improvement in oil-water separation performance. Although multiple MF/UF testing procedures were developed, there is still a gap in literature on having a comprehensive protocol that assesses the performance of the membranes in terms of flux, rejection, fouling, and cleanability. This paper delivers a robust bench scale testing procedure incorporating experiences and lessons learned from literature. The evaluation procedure includes three main testing steps: initial characterization, operating performance, and cleaning and recovery. The protocol was designed to mimic industrial conditions by using a representative synthetic produced water solution and operating multiple consecutives cycles of oil-water filtration followed by membrane chemical cleaning. The procedure was initially validated on multiple commercial MF/UF membranes having different pore sizes/MWCOs and chemistries obtained from various manufacturers and then applied to evaluate emerging membrane materials. The protocol was found to be reliable in evaluating the performance trends of various commercial membranes and effective in comparing the performance of emerging membranes. The developed procedure is proposed to be applied by researchers to assess the performance of new membrane materials as compared to relevant commercial products.
SponsorOpen Access funding provided by the Qatar National Library.The authors would like to acknowledge that this work was made possible through the support of Qatar National Research Fund (QNRF) as part of the Qatar National Priorities Research Program (NPRP) grant reference number of NPRP10-0127-170269. The content of this paper is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of ConocoPhillips or QNRF. The authors would also like to thank members from the ConocoPhillips Global Water Sustainability Center, Arnold Janson and Dareen Dardor for their continuous support throughout this project. Special appreciation as well to our QNRF project partners from Qatar University, specifically Yara Elgawady and Ali El-Samak for their contribution to this project.
Languageen
PublisherElsevier Ltd
SubjectExperimental protocol
Membrane filtration
Microfiltration
Oil-water separation
Ultrafiltration
TitleValidation and application of a membrane filtration evaluation protocol for oil-water separation
TypeArticle
Volume Number43


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