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AuthorPieter Nick, ten Caat
AuthorTenpierik, Martin J.
AuthorSanyal, Tithi
AuthorTillie, Nico M.J.D.
Authorvan den Dobbelsteen, Andy A.J.F.
AuthorThün, Geoffrey
AuthorCullen, Sean
AuthorNakayama, Shun
AuthorKaranisa, Theodora
AuthorMonti, Stewart
Available date2022-05-16T06:23:27Z
Publication Date2022-03-31
Publication NameCleaner Environmental Systems
Identifierhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cesys.2022.100074
Citationten Caat, Pieter Nick, Martin J. Tenpierik, Tithi Sanyal, Nico MJD Tillie, Andy AJF van den Dobbelsteen, Geoffrey Thün, Sean Cullen, Shun Nakayama, Theodora Karanisa, and Stewart Monti. "Towards fossil free cities–Emission assessment of food and resources consumption with the FEWprint carbon accounting platform." Cleaner Environmental Systems 4 (2022): 100074.
ISSN26667894
URIhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2666789422000058
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10576/30933
AbstractCurrent urbanization rates concentrate the ever growing demand for food, energy and water (FEW) resources particularly in cities, making them one of the main drivers of greenhouse gas emissions. The FEW nexus integrative approach offers a potential framework for sustainable resource management in cities. However, existing nexus evaluation tools are limited in application and often inadequate. This is primarily due to the FEW nexus intricacy, the tools’ operational complexity and/or the need to input comprehensive data that is often unavailable to users. Having outlined these current gaps, this paper introduces the FEWprint, an integrated carbon accounting platform that provides an accessible process for FEW nexus-based evaluations of urban areas. This spreadsheet-based framework is employed to calculate a consumption-based footprint derived from food consumption, thermal/electrical energy use, car fuel demand, water management, and domestic waste processing. A comparative assessment between six different communities reveals significant differences in total annual emissions. The food sector impact shows emissions ranging between 993Kg/cap∗yr and 1366Kg/cap∗yr in Amsterdam and Tokyo respectively, but is also the least deviating from all considered resource sectors. This holistic carbon footprint and considered food inventory will serve as a baseline for future integrated urban farming strategies and urban design proposals to be tested.
SponsorThe study is part of the SUGI/M-Nex research (acronym for Moveable Nexus). M-Nex is a joint effort supported by the Sustainable Urbanisation Global Initiative (SUGI) programme and was granted funding by the Belmont Forum and the Joint Programming Initiative (JPI) Urban Europe (project No. 11314551). The research project is extensively described in Yan and Roggema (2019) and more information can be found in the project website www.m-nex.net. The authors want express their gratitude to their national funding agencies for making this research possible: Dutch Research Council (NWO) - No. 438-17-404 (TU Delft), ESRC/AHRC -No. ES/S002197/1 and Innovate UK - No. 620144 (Queens University Belfast), Qatar National Research Fund (QNRF) - N° BFSUGI01-1120-170005 (Qatar University), U.S. NSF - No. 1832214 (University of Michigan) and the Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) - N°JPMJBF1702 (KEIO University). The authors wish to thank the project coordinator Prof. Wanglin Yan from KEIO university and the principle investigators: Prof. Sami Sayadi, Prof. Greg Keeffe and Prof. Rob Roggema for their support. Finally, special thanks goes out to Kevin Logan from Maccreanor Lavington. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this paper are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the funding organisations.
Languageen
PublisherElsevier
SubjectNexus
SubjectCarbon accounting
SubjectSustainable cities
SubjectUrban food production
SubjectAssessment model
SubjectCarbon emissions
TitleTowards fossil free cities – Emission assessment of food and resources consumption with the FEWprint carbon accounting platform
TypeArticle
Volume Number4
Open Access user License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/


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