Highly stable Ti3C2Tx (MXene)/Pt nanoparticles-modified glassy carbon electrode for H2O2 and small molecules sensing applications
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© 2018 Elsevier B.V. Electrochemical performance of a 2D Ti3C2Tx (MXene, where T: [dbnd]O, –OH, –F) sheets modified with Pt nanoparticles (PtNPs) was investigated. The results showed that Ti3C2Tx/PtNP nanocomposite deposited on the surface of GCE showed much better and stable redox behavior in an anodic potential window as compared to the GCE modified with pristine Ti3C2Tx MXene. For example, the H2O2 sensor of Ti3C2Tx/PtNP on GCE offered LOD of 448 nM with a potential at which reduction starts of ∼+250 mV (vs. Ag/AgCl) in comparison to values of 883 μM and ∼−160 mV observed for Ti3C2Tx modified GCE. Moreover, the Ti3C2Tx/PtNP sensor could detect small redox molecules such as ascorbic acid (AA), dopamine (DA), uric acid (UA) and acetaminophen (APAP) at a potential higher than +250 mV with high selectivity and LOD down to nM level. We proved that selectivity of detection of such molecules (AA, DA, UA and APAP) could be modulated to high extent using external membranes.
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