Impaired Binding to Junctophilin-2 and Nanostructural Alteration in CPVT Mutation
Jr, Alexandra Zahradnikova
Meritens, Camille Rabesahala de
Wang, Yue Yi
Lai, F. Anthony
Álvarez, Julio L.
Valdivia, Héctor H.
Valdivia, Carmen R.
Gómez, Ana M.
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RATIONALE: Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia is a rare disease, manifested by syncope or sudden death in children or young adults under stress conditions. Mutations in the Ca2+ release channel/type 2 ryanodine receptor (RyR2) gene account for about 60% of the identified mutations. Recently, we found and described a mutation in RyR2 N-terminal domain, RyR2R420Q. OBJECTIVE: To determine the arrhythmogenic mechanisms of this mutation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Ventricular tachycardias under stress conditions were observed in both patients with catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia and knock-in mice. During action potential recording (by patch-clamp in knock-in mouse cardiomyocytes and by microelectrodes in mutant human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes), we observed an increased occurrence of delayed afterdepolarizations under isoproterenol stimulation, associated with increased Ca2+ waves during confocal Ca2+ recording in both mouse and human RyR2R420Q cardiomyocytes. In addition, Ca2+-induced Ca2+-release, as well as a rough indicator of fractional Ca2+ release, were higher and Ca2+ sparks longer in the RyR2R420Q-expressing cells. At the ultrastructural nanodomain level, we observed smaller RyR2 clusters and widened junctional sarcoplasmic reticulum measured by gated stimulated emission depletion super-resolution and electronic microscopy, respectively. The increase in junctional sarcoplasmic reticulum width might be due to the impairment of RyR2R420Q binding to junctophilin-2, as there were less junctophilin-2 coimmunoprecipitated with RyR2R420Q. At the single current level, the RyR2R420Q channel dwells longer in the open state at low intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i), but there is predominance of a subconductance state. The latter might be correlated with an enhanced interaction between the N terminus and the core solenoid, a RyR2 interdomain association that has not been previously implicated in the pathogenesis of arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. CONCLUSIONS: The RyR2R420Q catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia mutation modifies the interdomain interaction of the channel and weakens its association with junctophillin-2. These defects may underlie both nanoscale disarrangement of the dyad and channel dysfunction. GRAPHIC ABSTRACT: An online graphic abstract is available for this article.
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